|Source:||The Scotch-Irish in America|
|Author:||Samuel Swett Green|
The Scotch-Irish in America. Proceedings of the Scotch-Irish Congress, at Columbia, Tenn., May 8–11,1889. Cincinnati: Robert Clark & Co., 1889.
- —Proceedings and Addresses of the Second Congress, at Pittsburg, Pa., May 29 to June 1, 1890. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co., 1890.
- —Proceedings and Addresses of the Third Congress, at Louisville, Ky., May 14 to 17, 1891. Nashville, Tenn.: Publishing House of the Methodist Episcopal Church South; Barber & Smith, Agents.
- —Proceedings and Addresses of the Fourth Congress, at Atlanta, Ga., April 28 to May 1, 1892. Nashville, Tenn.: Publishing House of the Methodist Episcopal Church South, Barber & Smith, Agents.
- —Proceedings and Addresses of the Fifth Congress, at Springfield, Ohio, May 11 to 14, 1893. Nashville, Tenn.: Barber & Smith, Agents.
- —Proceedings and Addresses of the Sixth Congress, at Des Moines, Iowa, June 7 to 10, 1894. Nashville, Tenn.: Barber & Smith, Agents.
These volumes of proceedings contain many papers of great value, and relate to the history of the Scotch-Irish race before coming to America and in this country.
In preparing the Report of the Council, I have made especial use of “The Scotch-Irish of the South,” a paper in the first volume, by William Wirt Henry, and considerable use of “The Making of the Ulsterman,” by J. S. Macintosh; “The Scotch-Irish of New England,” by Arthur L. Perry, in the second volume; “The Scotch-Irish in Canada,” by Stuart Acheson, in the third; “The Inventors of the Scotch-Irish race,” by John H. Bryson, in the fourth; and “Our Naval Heroes,” by D. C. Kelly, in the fifth volume.
Professor Arthur L. Perry’s paper, read at the Second Congress, has been printed in pamphlet form. (Boston: printed by J. S. Cushing & Co.) As printed in the proceedings, portions of this paper were cut out and their places indicated by stars. These are given at length in the reprint.
Campbell, Douglas. “The Puritan in Holland, England and America.” 2 v. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1892.
The matter regarding the Scotch-Irish is to be found in the last chapter of the second volume. That chapter, besides embodying much other material, gives a very good summary of a large portion of the information brought out in the first three Congresses of the Scotch-Irish, correcting in some cases statements made in papers read in those meetings. I have been much indebted to Mr. Campbell’s chapter, but think that it needs careful revision.
For a history of the Scotch-Irish before coming to America, see—
Froude, James Anthony. “The English in Ireland in the Eighteenth Century.” 3 v. London, 1874.
Lecky, W. E. H. “A History of England in the Eighteenth Century.” 8 v. New York, 1878–1890. London, 1878–1890.
Harrison, John. “The Scot in Ulster.” Edinburgh and London, 1888.
The work of Mr. Harrison is a little volume which contains a valuable epitome of the history of the Scotch-Irish in Ulster, from the beginning of the Seventeenth Century to the present time. It is founded upon the best authorities, which appear to have been carefully consulted. I have made free use of Mr. Harrison’s statements in preparing the earlier portions of my paper.
The more important works referred to by Mr. Harrison are the following:—
- Calendar of State Papers. Ireland, 1603.
- Register of the Privy Council of Scotland, vol. 8.
- The Montgomery Manuscripts. Belfast, 1869.
- The Hamilton Manuscripts. Belfast, 1867.
- State Papers of James VI. (Abbottsford Club.)
- Extracts from the Records of the Burgh of Glasgow, vols. 1630 to 1662.
- Rushworth, John. Historical Collections, 1618 to 1648.
- Fraser’s Magazine, for article on Ulster and its people. July-Dec., 1876.
- Reid, James. History of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland.
- Thomson’s Acts of Scottish Parliament.
- Benn, George. History of Belfast.
- Knox, Alexander. History of the County of Down. Dublin, 1875.
- Hill, George. The Macdonnels of Antrim.
- Hill, George. The Plantation in Ulster.
- Gardiner’s Fall of the Monarchy of Charles I., chaps. 15 and 16.
- Balfour’s Annals of Scotland.
- Memorials of the troubles in Scotland. (Spalding Club.)
- Turner, Sir James. Memoirs of his own life and time.
- Prendergast’s Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland.
- Woodrow’s History of the Sufferings of the Church of Scotland.
- Petty, Sir William. Political Survey of Ireland. London, 1719.
- Leland’s History of Ireland.
- Macpherson’s History of Commerce.
- Macaulay’s History of England, Chapter 12 (Defence of Londonderry).
- Walker’s True account of the Siege of Londonderry. London, 1689.
- Articles in the Ulster Journal of Archaeology.
- Young, Arthur. A Tour in Ireland, made in the years 1776–’77–’78.
Other works on this period of Scotch-Irish history which may be examined with advantage are—
Plowden, Francis. Historical Review of the state of Ireland. Phila., 1805–6. 5 v. 8°.
Futhey, J. Smith. Historical discourse delivered on the 150th anniversary of the Octorara church, Chester Co., Pa.
Long extracts from this address are given in Smith’s “History of Peterborough,” to be found later on in this list.
In regard to the history of the Scotch-Irish in New England, besides the paper of Professor Perry, it is desirable to refer to the following works:—
Maine.—Willis, William. The Scotch-Irish immigration to Maine, and Presbyterianism in New England (Article I. in Collections of the Maine Historical Society, Vol. VI., Portland).
New Hampshire.—State Papers of New Hampshire,—particularly “Towns,” Vol. 14, and “Muster Rolls,” Vol. 2.
- —Parker, Edward L. The History of Londonderry, comprising the towns of Derry and Londonderry, N. H. Boston: Perkins & Whipple, 1851. I have made large use of the history of Parker and the paper of Willis in preparing this paper.
- —Smith, Albert. History of the town of Peterborough, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, etc. Boston: Press of George H. Ellis, 1876.
- —Morrison, Leonard A. The History of Windham, N. H. Boston: Cupples, Upham & Co., 1883.
- —Belknap, Jeremy. History of New Hampshire.
- —The Londonderry Celebration, Exercises on the 150th anniversary of the settlement of Old Nutfield, June 10, 1809. Compiled by Robert C. Mack. Manchester: Published by John B. Clarke, 1870.
- —Stark, Caleb. Memoir and official correspondence of General J. Stark, etc. Concord,1860.
- —Addresses at the dedication of the monument erected to the memory of Matthew Thornton, at Merrimack, N. H., September 29, 1892. Published by authority of the State. Concord, N. H. The Republican Press Association, 1894.
Vermont.—Thompson, Zadoc. History of Vermont, national, civil and statistical, in three parts. Look in the Gazetteer of Vermont, which is part three of this work, under such headings as “Londonderry,” “Landgrove,” etc.
- —McKeen’s History of Bradford, Vermont.
Massachusetts. Worcester.—Records of the Proprietors of Worcester, Massachusetts. Edited by Franklin P. Rice. In Collections of the Worcester Society of Antiquity, Vol. III. Worcester, Mass.: Published by the Society, 1881.
—Early records of the town of Worcester, 1722–1821. In Collections of the Worcester Society of Antiquity, Vols. 2, 4, 8, 10, Part 1 of 11. The Worcester Society of Antiquity will continue the publication of the records of the town.
- —Deeds at Registry of Deeds. Worcester County was formed July 10, 1731. Deeds recorded before that date can be consulted at the Registry of Deeds in Middlesex County, at Cambridge, as Worcester belonged to Middlesex County before Worcester County was formed.
- —The records of births and deaths in Worcester.
- —Worcester births, marriages and deaths. Compiled by Franklin P. Rice. Part I—Births. Worcester, Mass.: The Worcester Society of Antiquity, 1894. In Collections of the Worcester Society of Antiquity, Vol. XII., Worcester, Mass.: Published by the Society, 1894.
- —Inscriptions from the old Burial Grounds in Worcester, Massachusetts, from 1727 to 1859, with biographical and historical notes. In Collections of the Worcester Society of Antiquity, Vol. I.
- —Lincoln, William. History of Worcester. Worcester: Moses D. Phillips & Co., 1837.
- —with additions by Charles Hersey, 18G2.
- —Wall, Caleb A. Reminiscences of Worcester. Worcester, Mass.: Printed by Tyler & Seagrave, 1877.
- —Holland, Josiah Gilbert. History of Western Massachusetts, 2 v. Springfield: Published by Samuel Bowles & Co., 1855.
- —Waldo Family.—New England Historical and Genealogical Register, XVIII., 176,177.
- —Bridgman, Thomas. Inscriptions on monuments in King’s Chapel Burial Ground. Boston, 1853. pp. 292, 293.
- —Family Memorials by Edward E. Salisbury (p. 21) 1885. Privately printed.
- —The Scotch-Irish in New England (George H. Smyth). In The Magazine of American History, vol. 9, p. 153.
- —Scotch-Irish in New England (W. Willis). In New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 12; 231.
Canada.—Miller, Thomas. Historical and genealogical record of the first settlers of Colchester County down to the present time. Halifax, Nova Scotia: A. & W. MacKinlay, 1873.
- —Patterson, George. A History of the County of Pictou, Nova Scotia. Montreal: Dawson Brothers, 1877.
Proud, Robert. History of Pennsylvania, 1681–1742. Philadelphia: 1797–98. 2 V. 8°.
Scotch-Irish in Pennsylvania. In New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 16; 360.
Ramsay, David. History of South Carolina, 1670–1808. Charleston, 1809. 2 v. 8°.
- —History of the American Revolution. Philadelphia, 1789. 2 v. 8°.
- —History of the Revolution in South Carolina. Trenton, 1785. 2 v. 8°.
Baird, Robert. Religion in the United States of America. Glasgow and London, 1844.
Craighead, J. G. Scotch and Irish Seeds in American Soil. Philadelphia: Presbyterian Board of Publication, 1878.
Scotch-Irish (J. C. Linehan). In Granite Monthly, vol. 11.
Scotch-Irish. Granite Monthly, vol. 12.
Scotch-Irish in America (G. H. Smyth). In Magazine of American History, 4; 161.
McCulloch, Hugh. Men and measures of half a century. Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1888.
Appleton’s Cyclopædia of American Biography, under the words “Matthew Thornton,” “Asa Gray,” etc.
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The passage of more than one hundred years since The Scotch-Irish in America by Henry Jones Ford was first published in 1915 has rendered the book no less fascinating and gripping. Written in a thoroughly accessible way, it tells the story of how the hardy breed of men and women, who in America came to be known as the ‘Scotch-Irish’, was forged in the north of Ireland during the seventeenth century. This book is a comprehensive and very informative account of the history of the Scotch-Irish in America.